Article I, Section I:
"All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives."
In Section I, it is a very simple and straight forward clause within our Constitution. However, regardless of how simple and straight forward it may be, this is quite possibly one of the most important sections within Article I of our Constitution.
“ALL legislative powers”, Starting here, we have a very critical piece of information that cannot be over looked. What does ALL mean? All means Congress has 100% control of legislation. The Legislative body of our Government is the only body that has any authority to pass laws, regulations, and propose amendments to the Constitution. The Executive and Judicial branches have no-such authority to do so.
This means that ANY President that seeks to force through legislation through an executive order, is in direct violation of Article I and Article II of the Constitution, as Article II gives the President no-such authority to supersede or go around Congress for Legislative Action. When I reach Article II in this series of educational pieces, I will dive more in to the powers of the President.
This also means, which the Supreme Court tries to Legislate from the bench, Roe v Wade for example, they are doing so unconstitutionally. Similar to the President, Article III which establishes the Judicial branch, also gives the Supreme Court no-such authority for legislative “rulings”. The Supreme Court is to give opinions, not rulings. The Supreme Court is not the supreme law of the land. As per Article 6 Clause 2 of the Constitution, it says clearly that the Constitution itself, is the Supreme Law of the Land, and all judges must adhere to it. I will also dive more in to the Judicial Branch and the Supremacy clause once I reach that point in this educational series.
The rest of Article I Section I is very well self explanatory. Congress will consist of 2 bodies, the House and the Senate, where all said Legislative Authority will reside.
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